So far, the war has claimed 10,000 civilian lives. Seven million people are on the brink of famine, millions have been uprooted, and a devastating cholera outbreak is raging and expected to affect nearly 1 million people by the end of the year. By the numbers, it’s currently considered the world’s largest humanitarian catastrophe.
Last year, Congress held a vote to block cluster munitions sales to Saudi Arabia after reports found that American-made cluster bombs were linked to civilian casualties in Yemen. With 40 Republican votes, it came close to passing, but still narrowly failed. Last September, there was a vote against a $1.15 billion tank deal with Saudi Arabia that received 27 votes in favor. And towards the end of Obama’s last term, the White House reportedly began to have reservations about humanitarian catastrophe the war was creating and it suspended the sale of precision guided bombs to Saudi Arabia.
Wahhabism (Arabic: الوهابية, al-Wahhābiya(h)) is an Islamic doctrine and religious movement founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab. It has been variously described as "ultraconservative", "austere", "fundamentalist", or "puritan(ical)"; as an Islamic "reform movement" to restore "pure monotheistic worship" (tawhid) by devotees; and as a "deviant sectarian movement", "vile sect" and a distortion of Islam by its opponents. The term Wahhabi(ism) is often used polemically and adherents commonly reject its use, preferring to be called Salafi or muwahhid. The movement emphasises the principle of tawhid (the "uniqueness" and "unity" of God). It claims its principal influences to be Ahmad ibn Hanbal (780–855) and Ibn Taymiyyah (1263–1328), both belonging to the Hanbali school, although the extent of their actual influence upon the tenets of the movement has been contested.